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Hawaii Volcano Summit Erupts, Shows No Signs of Calming
The summit of Hawaii's Kilauea volcano erupted early on Wednesday, June 13, and fissures on its eastern slope sent fountains of lava up to 160 feet (50 meter) high, as the volcano showed no signs of calming down after six weeks of intensified activity. The volcano has produced hundreds of moderate earthquakes since it first began erupting on May 3, caused by magma draining from inside the volcano and moving underground. The magma has been spouting out of fissures from the ground along Kilauea flank, causing mass evacuations from communities. The most active fissure now, called "Fissure 8," continued to pour into the ocean at Kapoho Bay, producing a hydrochloric acid mist called "laze," formed when lava enters seawater. The Kilauea eruption, now in its 42nd day, has destroyed more than 600 homes, spread lava over 2,000 acres (810 hectares) of land and opened up at least 22 fissures in the ground, according to Hawaii County Mayor Harry Kim. It is the most destructive in the United States since the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington, which killed at least 57 people. Hawaii's eruption, however, has produced slow-moving lava that has destroyed hundreds of structures but allowed people to evacuate, in sharp contrast to Guatemala's Fuego volcano that ejected fast pyroclastic flows, which buried villages in burning ash and killed at least 109 last week.