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69 views • December 19, 2016

Facts about Reindeer

Natural World Facts
Welcome to another episode of Natural World Facts! This fact file is all about Reindeer in the series Mammals. Merry Christmas everyone!!!!! Reindeer (or Caribou) belong to the deer family, which also includes deer, elk and moose. However, reindeer are the only type of deer in which both the males and females grow antlers. These antlers fall off and regrow every year. A male's can grow up to 51 inches (130 centimeters) long, making them very useful when fighting. Male reindeer lose their antlers in November, but females keep theirs much longer. This means that Santa’s reindeer must have all been female, since they are depicted as having horns on December 24. Reindeer can be found in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, northern Europe and northern Asia in tundra, mountains and woodland habitats. They are very social creatures, and feed, travel and rest in herds. Reindeer are herbivores, which means they only eat vegetation. Their diet consists of herbs, ferns, mosses, grasses, shoots, fungi and leaves. In the winter, reindeer must dig through the snow with their antlers to find food. Although these animals can’t fly, they can reach speeds of up to 50 mph (80 km/h) when running. Reindeer are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN red-list for threatened species, due to a 40 percent decline in population over the past 21 to 27 years. Subscribe for more videos! Leave a suggestion in the comments for what animal you would like to learn about next. OUR WEBSITE: http://goo.gl/Ngj5V6
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